Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes intellectual and developmental delays. The cases of Down syndrome are as rare as 1 million per year. Though, it cannot be cured, treatment is of some help. The genetic condition arises after an abnormal cell division leads to extra genetic material resulting from chromosome 21. The symptoms are visible in the form of an intellectual disability, a different facial appearance, developmental delays and are sometimes caused due to heart or thyroid ailments.
Intervention Through Occupational Therapy
What is helpful are the early intervention programmes to treat every child in a specific situation through occupational therapy for Down syndrome. A group of special educators and therapists are engaged in offering intervention to every single individual affected from it. Those suffering from such a genetic condition may experience developmental delays like short stature, speech delay or learning disability.
Developmental Delays and Cognitive Issues
They can also go through cognitive issues like difficulty in understanding or thinking and intellectual disability. They can have an abnormally large tongue or it may be displaced or have spots or a lazy eye. Other symptoms including congenital heart disease, hearing loss, speech loss, vision disorder, thyroid disease, immune deficiency or flaccid muscles can also be known from reading facts about Down syndrome.
Get Treatment for the Genetic Condition
When a child is born with this ailment, he or she needs special care and attention while growing up. Such children can only receive treatment at a school for special education that takes care of all the healthcare needs of differently-abled during their developing years. Treatment generally focuses upon going for regular medical check-ups, looking for early signs of health-related issues and finding support. This is because only treatment can give a healthy and hearty life to them.
Observing Them Since Infancy
Scheduling routine check-ups may be of help to your child as it is important to identify and monitor health problems. However, it is also crucial to observe the kids during his or her first years of infancy under the watchful eyes of a mother. Watching them during the early years of childhood for any health-related issues are important for timely intervention. Medical experts intervene particularly during occurrence of eye problems like cataract.
Addressing Concerns of Down Syndrome Affected
As children grow, many parents have similar concerns including getting emotional support and learning about the condition for a newborn. Then, the early childhood concerns involve teaching healthy behaviours, diet and exercise as well as social skills to children. During the middle and late years of childhood, the main question is of their education and independence. Adolescence and adulthood cover the issues arising while attaining puberty.